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March 15

44 BC – Julius Caesar, of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
1776 – South Carolina becomes the first American colony to declare its independence from England and set up its own government.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Courthouse – Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400.
1916 – President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
1917 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the Russian throne and his brother the Grand Duke becomes Tsar.
1922 – After Egypt gains nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
1939 – World War II: German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist.
1939 – Carpatho-Ukraine declares itself an independent republic, but is annexed by Hungary the next day.
1943 – World War II: Third Battle of Kharkov – the Germans retake the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting.
1945 – World War II: Soviet forces begin an offensive to push Germans from Upper Silesia.
1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).
1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first President of the Soviet Union.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1767 – Andrew Jackson: 7th President of the United States (d. 1845)
1919 – Lawrence Tierney: American actor and star of such shows as Reservoir Dogs & The Simpsons (d. 2002)
1935 – Judd Hirsch: American actor and star of such shows as Taxi, Independance Day, and Numbers
1943 – David Cronenberg: Canadian film director of shows such as Naked Lunch & Eastern Promises
1944 – Sly Stone: American musician and famous rolling stone. Wherever he laid his hat was his home.
1955 – Dee Snider: American singer (Twisted Sister)
1962 – Terence Trent D'Arby: the late 80's one-hit wonder who gave us Wishing Well. Did great James Brown impression...
1963 – Bret Michaels: American musician (Poison). I listened to their first album (yes, I said album) at least 6 times a day for a whole summer!
1964 – Rockwell: American musician who always feels like someone is watching him.


These Guys Died Today
1977 – Antonino Rocca: Argentine professional wrestler (b. 1927)
1988 – Dmitri Polyakov: Soviet double-agent (b. 1926)
1998 – Benjamin Spock: American pediatrician and writer (b. 1903)


Quote: "It's not the teaching, it's the learning." Sly Stone


March 14

1590 – Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.
1647 – Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
1780 – American Revolutionary War: Spanish forces capture Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama, the last British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spanish Louisiana.
1915 – World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresden is abandoned and scuttled by her crew.
1943 – World War II – The Kraków Ghetto is 'liquidated'. What else could go wrong? (see below)
1945 – World War II – The R.A.F. first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany. This bomb came with 2 eggs, 2 pancakes and choice of 2 sausage or bacon.
1980 – In Poland, a plane crashes during final approach near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team. So, all in all, NOT a great day in history for Poland. (See above)
1984 – Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.


Born Today but Possibly Dead

1885 – Raoul Lufbery: American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
1921 – S. Truett Cathy: founder of Chick-fil-A
1948 – Billy Crystal: American actor and comedian and star of such films as Princess Bride, Monsters Inc., and City Slickers


These Guys Died Today
1748 – George Wade: British military leader (b. 1673)
1805 – Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki: Russian general (b. 1753)
1883 – Karl Marx: German philosopher and political theorist (b. 1818)
1932 – George Eastman: American inventor, and founder of Eastman Kodak (b. 1854)


Quote: "Every man is a consumer and ought to be a producer." Ralph Waldo Emerson


March 11

1824 – The United States War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
1845 – The Flagstaff War: Unhappy with translational differences regarding the Treaty of Waitangi, chiefs Hone Heke, Kawiti and Māori tribe members chop down the British flagpole for a fourth time and drive settlers out of Kororareka, New Zealand.
1917 – World War I: Baghdad falls to Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.
1931 – Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
1941 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur leaves Corregidor.
1945 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.
1945 – World War II: The Empire of Vietnam, a short-lived puppet state, is established with Bảo Đại as its ruler.
1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
2011 – An earthquake measuring 8.9 in magnitude strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami.


Born Today but Possibly Dead

1787 – Ivan Nabokov: Russian general (d. 1852)
1931 – Rupert Murdoch: Australian-born entrepreneur
1950 – Bobby McFerrin: singer/songwriter. Don't worry, be happy.
1950 – Jerry Zucker: American director of such films as Airplane, Top Secret, and Rat Race.
1956 – Rob Paulsen: American voice actor in such shows as Animaniacs and Pinky and the Brain. His name was Robert Paulsen.
1964 – Peter Berg: American film actor, director and producer of many films such as The Kingdom.
1964 – Vinnie Paul: American drummer (Pantera). Also makes a great sandwhich.
1971 – Johnny Knoxville: American television personality and a total Jack Ass.
1982 – Thora Birch: American actress and star of such films as Patriot Games, Clear and Present Danger, and American Beauty


These Guys Died Today
1759 – John Forbes: British general (b. 1710)
1863 – Sir James Outram: 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
1898 – William Rosecrans: American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
1957 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd: American explorer (b. 1888)
1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen: Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)



Quote: "A wise man adapts himself to circumstances, as water shapes itself to the vessel that contains it." Chinese Proverb


March 4

1238 – The Battle of the Sit River is fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.
1519 – Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and their wealth.
1628 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
1665 – English King Charles II declares war on the Netherlands marking the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights with cannon, leading the British troops to abandon the Siege of Boston.
1814 – Americans defeat the British at the Battle of Longwoods between London, Ontario and Thamesville, near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.
1861 – The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Stars and Bars") is adopted.
1861 – Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated for his first term as President of the United States.
1913 – First Balkan War: The Greek army engages the Turks at Bizani, resulting in victory two days later.
1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands.
1943 – World War II: The Battle of the Bismarck Sea in the South West Pacific comes to an end.
1944 – World War II: After the success of Big Week, the USAAF begins a daylight bombing campaign of Berlin.
1945 – Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.
1986 – The Soviet Vega 1 begins returning images of Halley's Comet and the first images of its nucleus.
2002 – Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1745 – Kazimierz Pułaski: American Revolutionary War general (d. 1779)
1826 – John Buford:American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1863)
1888 – Knute Rockne: American football player and coach (d. 1931)
1898 – Hans Krebs: German general of infantry (d. 1945)
1938 – Don Perkins: American football player and former Cowboy great
1943 – Zoltan Jeney: Hungarian composer. Zoltan!
1945 – Frank Novak: American actor and star of such films as Watchmen, Scrubs, Charmed, Independance Day, and more...
1963 – Jason Newsted: American bassist for Metallica
1972 – Robert Smith: American football player and former Vikings great


These Guys Died Today
1303 – Daniel of Moscow: Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)
1793 – Louis de Bourbon: French admiral (b. 1725)
1853 – Thomas Blade: Capel Royal Navy admiral (b. 1776)
1858 – Matthew Perry: U.S. naval officer (b. 1794)
1906 – John McAllister Schofield: former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
1994 – John Candy: Canadian comedian, star of such films as Splash, Home Alone, and National Lampoon's Vacation (b. 1950)
1996 – Minnie Pearl: American comedian (b. 1912)
1998 – Ivan Dougherty: Australian World War II Army Major General (b. 1907)



Quote: "Show me a sane man and I will cure him for you." Carl Jung


March 3

1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.
1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.
1857 – Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China. Forget fighting for oil, this is a war I can get behind.
1873 – Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail. Yet, strangely they people keep sending bibles.
1918 – Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
1938 – Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
1942 – World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
1943 – World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
1944 – The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
1945 – World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila in the Philippines.
1945 – World War II: A former Armia Krajowa unit massacres at least 150 Ukrainian civilians in Pawłokoma, Poland.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1880 – Sir Robert Chapman: British soldier and politician (d. 1963)
1948 – Snowy White: British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd)
1962 – Herschel Walker: American football player
1966 – Tone Lōc: American rapper and actor


These Guys Died Today
1239 – Vladimir III Rurikovich: Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
1959 – Lou Costello: American actor and comedian (b. 1906)


Quote: "Give away the stone. Let the oceans take and transmutate this cold and fated anchor. Give away the stone. Let the waters kiss and transmutate these leaden grudges into gold. Let go." from the song The Grudge, by Maynard James Keenan


March 2

986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks. He would one day marry Elizabeth, Queen of the beans. True story...
1127 – Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders. As always, stupid Flanders!
1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico. And we would NEVER have Mexicans running our state again...
1903 – In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women. No word on whether Tom Hanks and Peter Scolari would dress up like women to stay there.
1933 – The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
1942 – World War II: Australia declares war on Thailand.
1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
1962 – Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by scoring 100 points.
1965 – The US and South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.
2004 – War in Iraq: Al-Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.


Born Today but Possibly Dead

Summit1793 – Sam Houston, American politician: 8th Governor of Tennessee and 7th Governor of Texas (d. 1863)
1904 – Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel): American author (d. 1991)
1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov: Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
1917 – Desi Arnaz: Cuban-born actor and bandleader (d. 1986)
1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev: Soviet Nobel laureate and statesman
1942 – Lou Reed: American singer and guitarist
1955 – Ken Salazar: American politician, United States Senator from Colorado. Damn you Salazar!
1962 – Jon Bon Jovi: American musician (Bon Jovi)
1964 – Mike Von Erich: American wrestler (d. 1987)
1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard: American actress

These Guys Died Today
1855 – Nicholas I of Russia: Emperor of Russia (b. 1796)
1999 – Dusty Springfield: English singer (b. 1939)
2008 – Jeff Healey: Canadian musician and a star of the film Roadhouse (b. 1966)


Quote: "If pro is the opposite of con, then is progress the opposite of congress?" Gallagher


March 1

1781 – The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.
1811 – Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali. He floated like a butterfly, but stung like a bee.
1893 – Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri.
1912 – Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
1941 – World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
1950 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.
1961 – President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
1971 – A bomb explodes in a men's room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility.
1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
1769 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)
1910 – David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)
1914 – Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998)
1922 – William Gaines, American publisher of MAD Magazine (d. 1992)
1926 – Pete Rozelle, American professional sports executive (d. 1996)
1935 – Robert Conrad, American actor and star of the tv show Wild Wild West
1951 – Sergei Kourdakov, former KGB agent
1954 – Ron Howard, American actor and director; star of such shows as The Andy Griffith Show and Happy Days; director of such films as A Beautiful Mind, Frost/Nixon, Cinderella Man and more.


These Guys Died Today
1131 – King Stephen II of Hungary (b. 1101)
1233 – Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)
1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming: German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
1792 – Leopold II: Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)


Quote: "Every artist is a cannibal. Every poet is a thief. All kill their inspiration and sing about their grief." Bono, from the song The Fly


February 28

1710 – In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.
1838 – Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Quebec)
1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) is incorporated in New York State as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone. Users immediately complained of dropped telegraph messages and high rates.
1893 – The USS Indiana, the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time, is launched.
1900 – The Second Boer War: The 118-day "Siege of Ladysmith" is lifted.
1922 – The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence.
1942 – The heavy cruiser USS Houston is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed, along with HMAS Perth which lost 375 men.
1954 – The first color television sets using the NTSC standard are offered for sale to the general public.
1985 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
1993 – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group's leader David Koresh. Four BATF agents and five Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
1998 – Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.


BREAKING NEWS:
The last known U.S. World War 1 veteran, Frank W. Buckles, died late Sunday night on his West Virginia farm at the age of 110.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1712 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm: French military commander (d. 1759)
1724 – George Townshend: 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
1921 – Pierre Clostermann: French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
1930 – Gavin MacLeod: American actor and captain of the Love Boat
1940 – Mario Andretti: Race car driver. He was probably present in Monte Carlo during the High Stakes Gamble mission.
1957 – John Turturro: actor, AKA "The Jesus" and star of such films as Oh Brother, Where art Thou and The Big Lebowski
1961 – Rae Dawn Chong: actress and star of Commando
1976 – Ali Larter: actress and star of Heroes and Jay & Silent Bob Strike Back


These Guys Died Today
1326 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
1525 – Cuauhtémoc: Aztec ruler
1788 – Thomas Cushing: American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)
1891 – George Hearst: American businessman and US Senator (and a serious villain on HBO's Deadwood) (b. 1820)
1986 – Olof Palme: Prime Minister of Sweden. Hey Olof, do Berserker! (b. 1927)



Quote: "Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing that is worth knowing can be taught." Oscar Wilde


February 25

1836 – Samuel Colt is granted an United States patent for the Colt revolver.
1901 – J. P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
1933 – The USS Ranger is launched. It is the first US Navy ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier. Rangers lead the way!
1945 – World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany. Better late than never I guess.
1956 – In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union denounces the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin.
1964 – Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) beats Sonny Liston in the Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston world heavyweight boxing title fight. This is Clay's 20th pro boxing fight and first heavyweight title.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
Molotov1714 – Sir Hyde Parker: 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
1888 – John Foster Dulles: American politician, former United States Senator from New York, and 52nd United States Secretary of State (d. 1959)
1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov: Soviet politician (and maker of quite a cocktail) (d. 1986)
1901 – Zeppo Marx: American actor (d. 1979)
1913 – Jim Backus: American actor best know as Mr. Howell on Gilligan's Island; also in Rebel Without a Cause (d. 1989)
1929 – Christopher George: American actor and star of The Rat Patrol (d. 1983)
1943 – George Harrison: English musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
1949 – Ric Flair: American professional wrestler
1950 – Neil Jordan: Irish director of such films as Crying Game and Interview With the Vampire
1958 – Jeff Fisher: American football coach
1958 – Kurt Rambis: American basketball player and coach
1971 – Sean Astin: American actor and star of such films as Rudy and The Lord of the Rings
1986 – Justin Berfield: American actor AKA Reese from Malcolm in the Middle


These Guys Died Today
1634 – Albrecht von Wallenstein: Austrian general (b. 1583)
1978 – Daniel "Chappie" James Jr.:American general (b. 1920)
1983 – Tennessee Williams: American playwright (b. 1911)
2006 – Darren McGavin: American actor best known as the father on A Christmas Story (It's a major award!) (b. 1922)




Quote: "It's funny the way most people love the dead. Once you are dead, you are made for life." Jimi Hendrix


February 24

1303 – Battle of Roslin, of the First War of Scottish Independence.
1917 – World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
1944 – Merrill's Marauders: The Marauders begin their 1,000 mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma.
1980 – The United States Olympic Hockey team completes their Miracle on Ice by defeating Finland 4-2 to win the gold medal.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1723 – John Burgoyne: British general (d. 1792)
1774 – Prince Adolphus: 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
1885 – Chester Nimitz: U.S. admiral (d. 1966)
1898 – Kurt Tank: German aeronautical engineer and test pilot (d. 1983)
1921 – Abe Vigoda: American actor best known as Fish on Barney Miller
1938 – Phil Knight: American sportswear manufacturer and co-founder of Nike
1945 – Barry Bostwick: American actor
1955 – Steve Jobs: American computer pioneer
1966 – Billy Zane: American actor and star of such films as Sniper and Twin Peaks
1970 – Jeff Garcia, American football player; former San Francisco 49er great



These Guys Died Today
1824 – Sir Albemarle Bertie: 1st Baronet, Royal Navy admiral (b. 1755)
2006 – Don Knotts: American actor (b. 1924)
2007 – Leroy Jenkins: American composer and violinist (LEROY JENKINS!!!) (b. 1932)



Quote: "I hope some animal never bores a hole in my head and lays its eggs in my brain, because later you think you're having a good idea but it's just eggs hatching." Jack Handy


February 23

1778 – American Revolution: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
1836 – The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
1847 – Mexican-American War: Battle of Buena Vista – In Mexico, American troops under General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
1848 – The French Revolution of 1848, which would lead to the establishment of the French Second Republic, begins.
1861 – President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
1870 – In the United States, post-Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
1903 – Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
1918 – First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. In honor of this victory, the date is celebrated from 1923 onward as "Red Army Day"; it is renamed Defender of the Fatherland Day after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and is colloquially known as "Men's Day".
1945 – World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo would later win a Pulitzer Prize and become the model for the national USMC War Memorial.
1945 – World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp.
1945 – World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.
1945 – World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
1945 – World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed in a raid by 379 British bombers.
1945 – World War II: The Verona Philharmonic Theatre is bombed by Allied forces. It would later be re-opened in 1975.
1980 – Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
1991 – Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1868 – W. E. B. Du Bois: American civil rights leader. I find his name to be very unstable on account of his having an extra initial. (d. 1963)
1915 – Paul Tibbets: US Air Force retired Brigadier General and pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
1940 – Peter Fonda: American actor
1951 – Ed "Too Tall" Jones: former Dallas Cowboys great
1954 – Viktor Yushchenko: President of Ukraine
1965 – Kristin Davis: actress and star of Sex in the City. She's like a hot bowl of grits, only way more gritty. She's also formerly List worthy.
1966 – Neal McDonough: actor and star of such films as Band of Brothers (Buck Compton), Flags of our Fathers and The Avengers (Dum Dum Dugan)


These Guys Died Today
1821 – John Keats: English poet (b. 1795)
1848 – John Quincy Adams: 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)
1965 – Stan Laurel: British actor and comedian and 1/2 of the duo Laurel & Hardy (b. 1890)
1999 – Carlos Hathcock: USMC sniper (b. 1942)


Quote: "Never explain. Your friends do not need it and your enemies won't believe you anyway." Elbert Hubbard


February 22

1632 – Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published. The Vatican is quoted as saying "Shut up... No, seriously! Shut up!"
1744 – War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon begins.
1797 – The Last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.

1819 – By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars. I think we could have held out and gotten a better deal.
1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans.
1915 – World War I: Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
1943 – World War II: Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
1944 – World War II: American aircraft mistakenly bomb the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
1948 – Communist revolution in Czechoslovakia.
1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
Washington1403 – Charles VII of France (d. 1461)
1732 – George Washington: First President of the United States (d. 1799)
1897 – Karol Świerczewski: Polish general (d. 1947)
1932 – Ted Kennedy: American politician (d. 2009)
1944 – Jonathan Demme: American director
1948 – John Ashton: American actor and star of Beverly Hills Cop
1962 – Steve Irwin: Australian herpetologist and profesional nice guy (d. 2006)
1966 – Rachel Dratch: American actress and comedienne best know on SNL as Debbie Downer
1969 – Thomas Jane: American actor best known as The Punisher
1975 – Drew Barrymore: American actress and star of such films as E.T., Firestarter, Charlie's Angels, and The Wedding Singer



These Guys Died Today
1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall: son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
1680 – Catherine Monvoisin: French sorceress (b. c. 1640)
1797 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen: German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
1987 – Andy Warhol: American artist, director, and writer (b. 1928)
1995 – Ed Flanders: American actor; stupid Flanders (b. 1934)
2002 – Chuck Jones: American cartoonist best known for the Looney Tunes  (b. 1912)
2002 – Daniel Pearl: American journalist who was beheaded on video by Islamic terrorists (b. 1963)
2007 – George Jellicoe: Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords & Special Boat Service veteran (b. 1918)


Quote: "When you understand one thing through and through, you understand everything." Unknown


February 21

1543 – Battle of Wayna Daga – A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeats a Muslim army led by Ahmed Gragn.
1848 – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the The Communist Manifesto.
1885 – The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated.
1913 – Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars.
1958 – The Peace symbol, commissioned by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom.
1965 – Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
1973 – Over the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shoot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 jet killing 108.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1728 – Tsar Peter III of Russia: husband of Catherine the Great (d. 1762)
1794 – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican president (d. 1876)
1925 – Sam Peckinpah: American director (d. 1984)
1946 – Alan Rickman: English actor and star of such films as Diehard, Harry Potter series
1953 – William Petersen: acting great and star of Young Guns 2, The Rat Pack, The Contender and a little show called C.S.I.
1955 – Kelsey Grammer: American actor and voice of Side Show Bob
1977 – Chad Hutchinson: baseball and football player, former Cowboy great, AKA Chutch.


These Guys Died Today
1965 – Malcolm X: American civil rights leader (b. 1925)

Quote: "Shoot for the moon. Even if you miss, you will land among the stars." Les Brown


February 15

1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
1898 – Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain. It's a good thing we don't let false statements lead our nation to war anymore.
1942 – World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.
1944 – World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
1954 – Canada and the United States agree to construct the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska. This would later lead to a great song by the rock group RUSH.
1989 – Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.


Born Today but Possibly Dead

1458 – Ivan the Young: Ruler of Tver. Now there's a nickname that doesn't last.  (d. 1490)
1564 – Galileo Galilei: Italian astronomer and physicist; (Galileo) Galileo (Galileo) Galileo, Galileo Figaro
Magnifico-o-o-o-o (d. 1642)
1710 – King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
1734 – William Stacy: Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1802)
1882 – John Barrymore: American actor (d. 1942)
1927 – Harvey Korman: American actor and comedian (d. 2008)
1951 – Jane Seymour: British actress and Bond girl featured in Live and Let Die
1954 – Matt Groening: American cartoonist and genius creator of The Simpsons
1960 – Darrell Green: American football player (who should be a Hall of Famer)
1964 – Chris Farley: American actor and comedian who lived in a van down by the river! (d. 1997)


These Guys Died Today
1637 – Ferdinand II: Holy Roman Emperor (Batman!) (b. 1578)
1839 – Chevalier de Lorimier: Quebec notary; don't just realize it, notarize it! (b. 1803)
1843 – Theodoros Kolokotronis: Greek military figure (b. 1770)
1848 – Hermann von Boyen: Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
1905 – Lew Wallace: Union general in the American Civil War and novelist (b. 1827)
1996 – McLean Stevenson: American actor best known as Lt. Colonel Henry Black on MASH (b. 1929)
2010 – Jeanne M. Holm: American, first woman to receive general's stars in the USAF (b. 1921)


Quote: "Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week." Spanish Proverb


February 14

1778 – The United States Flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
1804 – Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1831 – Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
1879 – The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1900 – Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
1919 – The Polish-Soviet War begins.
1929 – Saint Valentine's Day massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone's gang, are murdered in Chicago, Illinois.
1942 – Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
1943 – World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
1943 – World War II: Tunisia Campaign – General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim's Fifth Panzer Army launches a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
1945 – World War II: The British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
1945 – World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
1945 – World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.1956 – The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Joseph Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.
1956 – The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Joseph Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.



Born Today but Possibly Dead
1483 – Babur: Moghul emperor of India (d. 1530)
1763 – Jean Victor Marie Moreau: French general (d. 1813)
1824 – Winfield Scott Hancock: American Civil War general (d. 1886)
1892 – Radola Gajda: Czech military commander (d. 1948)
1894 – Jack Benny: American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
1970 – Simon Pegg: British comedian and actor best known for Shaun of the Dead and Star Trek (the good one)
1972 – Drew Bledsoe: American football player


These Guys Died Today
270 – St. Valentine
1779 – James Cook: British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
1891 – William Tecumseh Sherman: Civil War General (b. 1820)
1922 – Heikki Ritavuori: Finnish politician (assassinated) (b. 1880)
1943 – Dora Gerson: German actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (b. 1899)

Quote: "Life has taught us that love does not consist in gazing at each other but in looking outward together in the same direction." Antoine de Saint-Exupéry


February 10

1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed. Is there anyone Baghdad hasn't fallen to? They are the France of the Middle East.
1306 – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn, his leading political rival, sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence. The Bruce would later gain a lot of weight and start writing self-help books. Anyone...?
1763 – French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.
1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert
1870 – The YWCA is founded in New York City. Seen at the grand opening was a police man, firman, a cowboy...
1936 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders.
1942 – Japanese submarine bombards Midway Atoll.
1943 – World War II: Attempting to completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet Red Army engages German troops and Spanish volunteers in the Battle of Krasny Bor.
1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam. America, you should have listened to your friend Ike. He's a cool dude.
1962 – Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
2005 – North Korea announces that it possesses nuclear weapons. That's like me announcing that I own a Fender Stratocaster. Sure I possess one, but I don't have a clue what to do with it.



Born Today but Possibly Dead
1744 – William Cornwallis: Royal Navy admiral (d.1819)
1846 – Charles Beresford: British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
1893 – Jimmy Durante: American actor/comedian (d. 1980)
1929 – Jim Whittaker:American mountaineer
1929 – Lou Whittaker: American mountaineer
1955 – "Gentleman" Chris Adams: British wrestler and judoka (d. 2001)
1955 – Greg Norman: Australian golfer
1966 – Daryl "Moose" Johnston: American football player
1974 – Elizabeth Banks: American actress and star of such shows as Scrubs and Zack & Miri Make a Porno
1994 – Makenzie Vega: American actress aka Nancy Callahan in Sin City


These Guys Died Today
1126 – William IX, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1071)
1162 – King Baldwin III of Jerusalem (b. 1130)
1242 – Emperor Shijō of Japan (b. 1231)
1278 – Margaret II of Flanders. Stupid Flanders! (b. 1202)
1722 – Bartholomew Roberts: Welsh pirate aka Dread Pirate Roberts (b. 1682)
1906 – Ezra Butler Eddy: Canadian businessman and politician. I can't think of anyone better than Ezra (b. 1827)
1984 – David Von Erich: American professional wrestler (b. 1958)
2000 – Jim Varney: American actor best know for the Ernest Movies and as Slinky Dog in the Toy Story series (b. 1949)
Charlie Wilson2002 – Traudl Junge: Adolf Hitler's secretary, and whose memoirs were the subject of the great film Downfall (b. 1920)
2005 – Arthur Miller: American playwright and husband of Marilyn Monroe. Vavoom! (b. 1915)
2008 – Roy Scheider: American actor best know for the film Jaws (b. 1932)
2010 – Charles Wilson: American politician and subject of the book & film Charlie Wilson's War. Charlie helped the Muj beat the Soviets. (Pictured) (b. 1933)


Quote: "The triumph can't be had without the struggle." Wilma Rudolph


February 8

1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I – the revolt is quickly crushed.
1807 – Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeats Russians under General Benigssen.
1887 – The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
1904 – Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
1915 – D.W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.
1942 – World War II: Japan invades Singapore.
1945 – World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine.
1948 – The formal creation of the Korean People's Army of North Korea is announced.
1971 – South Vietnamese ground troops launch an incursion into Laos to try and cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail and stop communist infiltration.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1798 – Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia: Russian Grand Duke (d. 1849)
1828 – Jules Verne: French author (d. 1905)
1834 – Dmitri Mendeleev: Russian chemist (d. 1907)
1882 – Thomas Etholen Selfridge: American military officer and airplane crash victim (d. 1908)
1931 – James Dean: American actor (d. 1955)
1940 – Ted Koppel: American journalist
1941 – Nick Nolte: American actor
1943 – Creed Bratton: American actor and musician. Yes, the genius of Creed is that he is a real person
1974 – Seth Green: American actor and star of Robot Chicken and Buffy the Vampire Slayer


These Guys Died Today
1204 – Alexius IV Angelus: deposed Eastern Roman Emperor (b. c. 1182)
1250 – Robert I of Artois: French crusader (b. 1216)
1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots (b. 1542)
1696 – Tsar Ivan V of Russia (b. 1666)
2000 – Derrick Thomas: American football player (b. 1967)


Quote: "You can make more friends in two months by becoming interested in other people than you can two years by trying to get other people interested in you." Dale Carnegie


February 7

457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1074 – Pandulf IV of Benevento is killed battling the invading Normans at the Battle of Montesarchio.
1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
1807 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Eylau – Napoléon's French Empire begins fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland.
1842 – Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
1897 – Greco-Turkish War: The first full-scale battle takes place when the Greek expeditionary force in Crete defeats a 4,000-strong Ottoman force at Livadeia.
1935 – The classic board game Monopoly is invented.
1940 – The second full length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres.
1943 – Imperial Japanese naval forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1944 – World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
1974 – Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1990 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power. This would ruin the spy-movie genre forever.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1804 – John Deere: American manufacturer (Deere & Company) (d. 1886)
1812 – Charles Dickens: English novelist (d. 1870)
1885 – Hugo Sperrle: German field marshal (d. 1953)
1909 – Amedeo Guillet: former officer of the Italian Army (d. 2010)
1906 – Oleg Antonov: Soviet aircraft designer. Hey Oleg, do berserker. (d. 1984)
1914 – Ramón Mercader: Spanish assassin of Leon Trotsky (d. 1978)
1926 – John Frank Davidson: British chemical engineer and Royal Medal holder
1947 – Wayne Allwine: the voice of Mickey Mouse (d. 2009)
1955 – Miguel Ferrer: American actor and star of such films as Robocop and Twin Peaks
1960 – James Spader: American actor and star of such films as Stargate and Less than Zero
1962 – Eddie Izzard: British actor and comedian
1965 – Chris Rock: American actor and comedian and star of such films as New Jack City and Pootietang
1974 – Steve Nash: Canadian basketball player and 2-time NBA MVP (after the Mavericks let him go)


These Guys Died Today
1045 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
1317 – Robert, Count of Clermont: French founder of the House of Bourbon (Mmmm. Bourbon.) (b. 1256)
1626 – William V: Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
1919 – William Halford: American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)
1920 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak: Russian military commander (b. 1874)
1979 – Dr. Josef Mengele: accused Nazi war criminal (b. 1911)
1996 – Phillip Davidson: US Army general (b. 1915)


Quote: "He who eats alone, chokes alone." Arab Proverb


February 3

1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1706 – During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: British forces seize the Dutch-owned Caribbean island Saint Eustatius.
1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
1787 – Shays' Rebellion is crushed.
1807 – A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now the capital of Uruguay.
1813 – The Battle of San Lorenzo takes place. It is the first military action of José de San Martín's cavalry élite unit Granaderos a Caballo at the Argentine War of Independence.
1852 – The Battle of Caseros marks the end of the hegemony of Buenos Aires Province Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas over the Argentine Confederation.
1917 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the latter announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 – The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
1944 – World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
1945 – World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin, a raid which kills between 2,500 to 3,000 and dehouses another 120,000.
1945 – World War II: The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth begin a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1689 – Blas de Lezo: Spanish admiral (d. 1741)
1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz: Prussian general (d. 1773)
1747 – Samuel Osgood: American patriot (d. 1813)
1807 – Joseph E. Johnston: American Confederate general (d. 1891)
1859 – Hugo Junkers: German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
1894 – Norman Rockwell: American illustrator (d. 1978)
1904 – Pretty Boy Floyd: American gangster (d. 1934)
1940 – Fran Tarkenton: American football player
1950 – Morgan Fairchild: American actress (Whom I've seen naked)
1956 – Nathan Lane: actor and star of such films as The Lion King, The Producers, The Birdcage
1960 – Kerry Von Erich: American professional wrestler (d. 1993)


These Guys Died Today
1889 – Belle Starr: American outlaw (b. 1848)
1924 – Woodrow Wilson: 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
1935 – Hugo Junkers: German engineer, died on his birthday (b. 1859)
1959 – The Day the Music Died
           Buddy Holly: American singer (b. 1936)
           Roger Peterson: pilot (b. 1937)
           Ritchie Valens: American singer (b. 1941)
           J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson: American singer (b. 1930)


Quote: "I left in love, in laughter, and in truth, and wherever truth, love and laughter abide, I am there in spirit." Bill Hicks


February 2

1461 – Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Mortimer's Cross is fought in Herefordshire, England.
1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated. See, even old New York was once New Amsterdam.
1848 – Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed.
1848 – California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese immigrants arrives in San Francisco, California. Of course, these boats were very slow and always seemed to be in the wrong shipping lane.
1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed. Long live Needle-Nose Ned!
1943 – World War II: The Battle of Stalingrad comes to conclusion as Soviet troops accept the surrender of 91,000 remnants of the Axis forces.
1972 – The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest at Bloody Sunday. I can't believe the news today...
1974 – The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time. A Fort Worth legend is born!
1989 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet armoured column leaves Kabul. Yay, communism was defeated in the Middle East! There will be nothing to worry about from now on...


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1208 – King James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
1455 – King John of Denmark (d. 1513)
1494 – Bona Sforza: queen of Poland (d. 1557)
1695 – François de Chevert: French general (d. 1769)
1889 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny: French general, posthumous Marshal of France (d. 1952)
1895 – George Halas: co-founder of the
NFL and longtime Chicago Bears coach (d. 1983)
1975 – Donald Driver: American football player & current Super Bowl participant with the Green Bay Packers


These Guys Died Today
1307 – Oljeitu Temur Khagan: Emperor of the Mongol Empire and the Yuan Dynasty (b. 1265)
1804 – George Walton: Signer of the American Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)
1895 – Archduke Albert: Austrian general (b. 1817)
1926 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov: Russian general (b. 1848)
1986 – Gino Hernandez: American wrestler (b. 1957)


Quote: "When you reach the end of your rope, tie a knot in it and hang on." Thomas Jefferson


February 1

1793 – French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
1861 – American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States.
1865 – President Abraham Lincoln signs the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.
1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR.
1942 – World War II: Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government.
1942 – World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls-Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater.
1968 – Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan is videotaped and
Columbiaphotographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War.
1968 – Canada's three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces.
2003 – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard. (Pictured)


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1659 – Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (d. 1729)
1764 – George Duff, Royal Navy Captain, killed in action at the Battle of Trafalgar (d.1805)
1882 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1973)
1884 – Bradbury Robinson, who threw the first forward pass in American football history in 1906 (d. 1949)
1901 – Frank Buckles: last surviving American veteran of World War I
1901 – Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
1902 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947)
1931 – Boris Yeltsin, 1st President of the Russian Federation (d. 2007)
1942 – Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer
1965 – Brandon Lee: American actor, son of Bruce Lee, best known as The Crow (d. 1993)

Dead on this day, but not forgotten...
Shuttle Crew
2003 – Crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster)
Michael P. Anderson (b. 1959)
David Brown (b. 1956)
Kalpana Chawla (b. 1961)
Laurel Clark (b. 1961)
Rick D. Husband (b. 1957)
Willie McCool (b. 1961)
Ilan Ramon (b. 1954)

Quote: "A minute's success pays the failure of years." Robert Browning


January 31

314 – Silvester I begins his reign as Pope of the Catholic Church, succeeding Pope Miltiades. However, he was still never able to catch Tweetie Bird.
1606 – Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament (and Funkadelic) and James I of England.
1865 – American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, abolishing slavery, submitting it to the states for ratification. They were all "Hey! Look what we did. Whatcha think?" and the southern states were like "Hmmm..."
1865 – American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
1915 – World War I: Germany uses poison gas against Russia
1917 – World War I: Germany announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 – A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
1942 – World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore.
1943 – German Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed 2 days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of World War II's fiercest battles.
1944 – World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
1944 – World War II: During Anzio campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.
1968 – Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon, and other attacks, in the early morning hours, later grouped together as the Tet Offensive.
1990 – The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow. This would also mark the first time anyone paid over $60 U.S. for a Big Mac.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)
1970 – Minnie Driver: British actress best known as the Russian girlfriend in Goldeneye


These Guys Died Today
1828 – Alexander Ypsilantis: Phanariot Greek military commander and national hero of the Greek War of Independence (b. 1792)
1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand: French general (b. 1773)
1954 – Edwin Howard Armstrong: American electrical engineer and inventor of the FM radio (b. 1890)
1974 – Samuel Goldwyn: Polish-born film studio executive (b. 1882)
1989 – William Stephenson: Canadian spymaster (b. 1896)
2002 – Francis Gabreski: American, fighter pilot ace (b. 1919)
2007 – Molly Ivins: American political columnist and author (b. 1944)

Quote: "Keep a green tree in your heart and perhaps the singing bird will come." Chinese Proverb


January 28

1547 – Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England. Everyone is England cheers the dramatic increase in maturity on the throne.
1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences is founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented by Senate decree. It is called the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
1820 – A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovers the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
1871 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
1909 – United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American War.
1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard, taking the concept of "playing army" to a whole new level.
1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
1945 – World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
1958 – The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
1965 – The current design of the Flag of Canada is chosen by an act of Parliament. I love flags and I don't care who knows!
1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut. Less than a month in office and already making a huge difference. That's why he's the man!
1982 – US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity by the Red Brigades.


Challenger The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster occurred on Tuesday, January 28, 1986, when Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the deaths of its seven crew members. The spacecraft disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of central Florida, United States, at 11:38 a.m. EST (16:38 UTC).
Disintegration of the entire vehicle began after an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed at liftoff. The O-ring failure caused a breach in the SRB joint it sealed, allowing pressurized hot gas from within the solid rocket motor to reach the outside and impinge upon the adjacent SRB attachment hardware and external fuel tank. This led to the separation of the right-hand SRB's aft attachment and the structural failure of the external tank. Aerodynamic forces promptly broke up the orbiter.
The crew compartment and many other vehicle fragments were eventually recovered from the ocean floor after a lengthy search and recovery operation. Although the exact timing of the death of the crew is unknown, several crew members are known to have survived the initial breakup of the spacecraft. However, the shuttle had no escape system and the astronauts did not survive the impact of the crew compartment with the ocean surface.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)
1457 – King Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige: Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
1833 – Charles George 'Chinese' Gordon: British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg: first president of Finland (d. 1952)
1936 – Alan Alda: actor, writer, and director and star of the tv series MASH
1981 – Elijah Wood: actor and star of such films as The Lord of the Rings Trilogy and Sin City


Dead on this day, but not forgotten...

Challenger Crew

The crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger:
1986 – Greg Jarvis: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1944)
1986 – Christa McAuliffe: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1948)
1986 – Ronald McNair: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1950)
1986 – Ellison Onizuka: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1946)
1986 – Judith Resnik: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1949)
1986 – Francis R. Scobee: commander of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1939)
1986 – Michael J. Smith: crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1945)


Quote: "The nice thing about being a pessimist is that you are constantly being either proven right or pleasantly surprised." George Will


January 27

1888 – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C.
1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1943 – World War II: The VIII Bomber Command dispatched ninety-one B-17s and B-24s to attack the U-Boat construction yards at Wilhemshafen, Germany. The first American bombing attack on Germany.
1944 – World War II: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
1945 – World War II: The Red Army liberates the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
1951 – Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat.
1961 – Soviet submarine S-80 sinks with all hands lost.
1967 – Apollo program: Apollo 1 – Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of their spacecraft at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fl..
1967 – More than sixty nations sign the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
1973 – The Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde is killed in action becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty.
1996 – Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
Frank Miller1546 – Joachim Friedrich: Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1608)
1756 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Austrian composer known for the hit song: Rock Me Amadeus (d. 1791)
1826 – Richard Taylor: American confederate general (d. 1879)
1848 – Togo Heihachiro: Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
1850 – Edward J. Smith: English captain of the RMS Titanic (d. 1912)
1859 – Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany (d. 1941)
1903 – Otto P. Weyland: American military figure (d. 1979)
1908 – William Randolph Hearst, Jr:American newspaper magnate; creator of Hearst Castle, or is it Xanadu? (d. 1993)
1918 – William Seawell: United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
1921 – Donna Reed: actress in such films as It's a Wonderful Life and #1 on my all-time "List" (d. 1986)
1940 – James Cromwell: actor and star of such films as Babe and LA Confidential
1944 – Nick Mason: English drummer (Pink Floyd)
1951 – Brian Downey: Irish drummer (Thin Lizzy)
1957 – Frank Miller: American comic book author and film director of such films as 300 and Sin City (pictured)
1959 – Cris Collinsworth: American football player and broadcaster


These Guys Died Today
1490 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa: Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
1595 – Sir Francis Drake: English explorer (b. c.1540)
1816 – Samuel Hood: 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (b. 1724)
1910 – Thomas Crapper: English inventor of yes, you guessed it, the toilet (b. 1836)
1967 – Roger Chaffee: Crew of Apollo 1 (b. 1935)
1967 – Virgil "Gus" Grissom: Crew of Apollo 1 (b. 1926)
1967 – Edward White: Crew of Apollo 1 (b. 1930)
1973 – William Nolde: last American combat casualty of Vietnam War (b. 1929)
1993 – André the Giant: French professional wrestler and actor, starring as the Giant in The Princess Bride (b. 1946)
2004 – Jack Paar: Original host of The Tonight Show (b. 1918)
2010 – J. D. Salinger: American novelist (b. 1919)


Quote: "Some of the world's greatest feats were accomplished by people not smart enough to know they were impossible." Doug Larson


January 26

1565 – Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1589 – Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. Of course, he spends most of every day just doing magic tricks.
1788 – The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day
1808 – Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1841 – The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes.
1855 – Point No Point Treaty is signed in Washington Territory.
1856 – First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
1861 – American Civil War: The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union. The Union panicks, wondering where they will get their hot sauce now.
1863 – American Civil War: General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker. What a hooker.
1863 – American Civil War: Governor of Massachusetts John Albion Andrew receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
1870 – American Civil War: Virginia rejoins the Union. They are quoted as saying, "I'm just playing America. You know I love you."
1885 – Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum. So there...
1918 – Finnish Civil War: A group of Red Guards hangs a red lantern atop the tower of Helsinki Workers' Hall to symbolically mark the start of the war.
1924 – Saint Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad. Why'd they change it, I can't say. Maybe they liked it better that way.
1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City. This would later become the first theater to land on the moon.
1939 – Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona. Click the link for a shameless plug.
1942 – World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons. Gee, thanks.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
1716 – George Germain: 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (d. 1785)
1880 – Douglas MacArthur: American general and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
1887 – Marc Mitscher: American admiral (d. 1947)
1905 – Maria von Trapp: Austrian-born singer; How do you solve a problem like Maria? (d. 1987)
1925 – Paul Newman: American actor, philanthropist, race car driver, race team owner, and maker of the best darned salad dressings ever! (d. 2008)
1935 – Bob Uecker: American baseball player and broadcaster "Just a bit outside!"
1936 – Sal Buscema: American comic book artist, The Avengers
1941 – Scott Glenn: American actor in films such as Silence of the Lambs & The Hunt for Red Oktober
1955 – Eddie Van Halen: Dutch-American musician (Van Halen)
1960 – Road Warrior Animal: American professional wrestler


These Guys Died Today
1799 – Gabriel Christie: British general (b. 1722)
1893 – Abner Doubleday: American military figure, and credited inventor of baseball (b. 1819)
1947 – Prince Gustaf Adolf: Duke of Västerbotten, (b. 1906)
1962 – Lucky Luciano: American mobster (b. 1897)
1973 – Edward G. Robinson: American actor, sounds like Chief Wigham see (b. 1893)
1983 – Paul "Bear" Bryant: American football coach (b. 1913)


Quote: "Some see the glass as half-empty. Some see the glass as half-full. I see the glass as too big." George Carlin


January 25

41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
1918 – The Ukraine declares independence from Bolshevik Russia.
1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
1945 – World War II: The Battle of the Bulge ends.
1955 – The Soviet Union ends state of war with Germany.
1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda's president.
1995 – The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after it mistakes Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
1996 – Billy Bailey became the last person to be hanged in the United States of America.
2003 – 2003 Invasion of Iraq: A group of people left London, England, for Baghdad, Iraq, to serve as human shields to prevent the U.S.-led coalition troops from bombing certain locations.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
750 – Leo IV the Khazar: Byzantine Emperor (d. 780)
1477 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany: wife of Charles VIII of France (d. 1514)
1739 – Charles François Dumouriez: French general (d. 1823)
1825 – George Pickett: American Confederate General (d. 1875)
1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze: President of Georgia


These Guys Died Today
1573 – Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai (b. 1553)
1670 – Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
1912 – Dmitry Milyutin, Russian field marshal (b. 1816)
1947 – Al Capone, American organized crime figure (b. 1899)


Quote:
Frank Perconte: "Kind of remind you of Bastogne?"
George Luz: "Yeah, now that you mention it. Except, of course, there's no snow, we got warm grub in our bellies, and the trees aren't (expletive deleted) exploding from Kraut artillery, but yeah... Frank... other than that, it's a lot like Bastogne."


January 24

41 – Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Claudius succeeds his nephew.
1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento.
1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.
1924 – Petrograd, formerly Saint Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad.
1942 – World War II: The Allies bombard Bangkok, leading Thailand to declare war against the United States and United Kingdom .
1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca.
1961 – 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash: A bomber carrying two H-bombs breaks up in mid-air over North Carolina. The uranium core of one weapon remains lost.
1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
1978 – Soviet satellite Cosmos 954, with a nuclear reactor onboard, burns up in Earth's atmosphere, scattering radioactive debris over Canada's Northwest Territories. Only 1% is recovered.
1984 – The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
3 BC – Galba: Roman Emperor (d. 69)
76 – Hadrian: Roman Emperor (d. 138)
1712 – King Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1786)
1888 – Ernst Heinkel: German aircraft designer (d. 1958)
1891 – Walter Model: German field marshal (d. 1945)
1942 – Gary Hart: American professional wrestling figure (d. 2008)
1949 – John Belushi: American actor (d. 1982)
1951 – Yakov Smirnoff: Ukrainian-born American comedian


These Guys Died Today
41 – Caligula, Emperor of Rome (b. 12)
1125 – David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
1366 – Alfonso IV of Aragon (b. 1299)
1376 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
1626 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)
1709 – George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
1769 – François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
1955 – Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
1965 – Winston Churchill, soldier, politician, historian, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
1975 – Larry Fine, American actor and comedian (b. 1902)
2006 – Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)


Quote: "Ability is what you are capable of doing. Motivation determines what you do. Attitude determines how well you do it." Lou Holtz


January 21

1720 – Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm.
1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.
1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place. This would lead to many High Stakes Gamble scenarios being played.
1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1950 – Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury.
1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.
1958 – The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashes, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
1968 – A B-52 bomber crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete.
1976 – Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.
1985 – The inauguration of President Ronald Reagan to a second term, already postponed a day because January 20 fell on a Sunday, becomes the second inauguration in history moved indoors because of freezing temperatures and high winds. The parade is cancelled altogether.



Born Today but Possibly Dead
1813 – John C. Frémont: American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (d. 1890)
1824 – Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate army general (d. 1863)
1918 – Richard D. Winters: American war hero (d. 2011)
1922 – Telly Savalas: aka Kojak. Who loves you baby? (d. 1994)
1924 – Benny Hill: actor, comedian, and singer (d. 1992)
1941 – Ivan Putski: Polish-born American professional wrestler
1946 – Johnny Oates: player and manager of the sport you humans call base-ball (d. 2004)
1950 – Gary Locke: politician, 21st Governor of Washington, and 36th United States Secretary of Commerce; Too bad he never ran for President with Gary Load as his running mate. I would have voted for Locke & Load.
1953 – Paul Allen: American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft; or as Apple users call him: the Enemy!
1956 – Geena Davis: actress in such films as Beetlejuice & A League of Their Own
1958 – Michael Wincott: Canadian actor in such films as The Crow & Basquat. James would like to wish him a very special Happy Birthday!
1965 – Jam Master Jay: DJ in the legendary Rap group Run DMC (d. 2002)
1977 – Jerry Trainor: actor better known as Spencer from iCarly


These Guys Died Today
917 – Erchanger: "kick ass" Duke of Swabia (b. c. 880)
1519 – Vasco Núñez de Balboa: Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
1527 – Juan de Grijalva: Spanish conquistador (b. c. 1489)
1546 – Azai Sukemasa: Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
1793 – King Louis XVI of France (executed) (b. 1754)
1959 – Cecil B. DeMille: American director (b. 1881)
1997 – Colonel Tom Parker: American manager of Elvis Presley (b. 1909)


Quote: "The surest sign that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is that it has never tried to contact us." Bill Watterson


January 20

250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian is martyred.
1265 – In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster, now also known colloquially as the "Houses of Parliament".
1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland.
1649 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes".
1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence; personally, I like the American Rebellion).
1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1941 – A Nazi officer is murdered in Bucharest, Romania, sparking a rebellion and pogrom by the Iron Guard, killing 125 Jews and 30 soldiers.
1942 – World War II: At the Wannsee Conference held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials discuss the implenetation of the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question".
1945 – World War II: Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.
1945 – World War II: Germany begins the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, a task which will take nearly two months.
1945 – Franklin Roosevelt's fourth and final inauguration is held at the White House due to wartime considerations.
1961 – John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the youngest elected President of the U.S.
1977 – Jimmy Carter is inaugurated as the 39th President of the United States. He is the last President inaugurated at the east front of the Capitol, which had been the traditional site for Presidential inaugurations since 1829.
1981 – Twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated, at age 69 the oldest man ever to be inaugurated as U.S. President, Iran releases 52 American hostages. They knew what was coming...

Born Today but Possibly Dead
225 – Gordian III: Roman Emperor (d. 244)
1435 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa: Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
1755 – Sir Albemarle Bertie: 1st Baronet, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1824)
1798 – Anson Jones: 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
1920 – DeForest Kelley: actor known for his iconic roles in Westerns and as Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy of the USS Enterprise in the television and film series Star Trek. Interestingly, he was born in Toccoa, GA near the hollowed ground of Camp Toccoa where the 101st Airborn trained for World War 2.
1946 – David Lynch: director of such films as Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me, Lost Highway, Mulholland Drive


These Guys Died Today
1908 – John Ordronaux: American Civil War army surgeon, a professor of medical jurisprudence, and pioneering mental health commissioner (b. 1830)
1936 – King George V: of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
1940 – Omar Bundy: American army general (b. 1861)
1984 – Johnny Weissmuller: actor best known as Tarzan (b. 1904)
1990 – Barbara Stanwyck: actress best known from the tv show The Big Valley(b. 1907)



Quote: "Brain: an apparatus with which we think we think." Ambrose Bierce 


January 19

1419 – Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
1511 – Mirandola surrenders to the French.
1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
1817 – An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
1861 – American Civil War: Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in seceding from the United States.
1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs – The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
1871 – Franco-Prussian War: In the Siege of Paris, Prussia wins the Battle of St. Quentin. Meanwhile, the French attempt to break the siege in the Battle of Buzenval will end unsuccessfully the following day.
1915 – World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
1937 – Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
1942 – World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma
1945 – World War II: Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.
1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
1949 – Cuba recognizes Israel.
1981 – Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
1991 – Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.
1992 – Ric Flair wins the WWF Royal Rumble in 59:26, capturing his first WWF Heavyweight Championship.


Born Today but Possibly Dead
1544 – King Francis II of France (d. 1560)
1807 – Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (d. 1870)
1809 – Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
1871 – Dame Gruev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1906)
1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
1944 – Dan Reeves, American football coach
1949 – Robert Palmer, English singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
1954 – Katey Sagal, American actress
1957 – Ottis Anderson, former American football player
1962 – Jeff Van Gundy, American basketball coach
1969 – Junior Seau, American football player

These Guys Died Today
639 – Dagobert I, King of the Franks (b. c. 603)
1661 – Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1599)

Quote: "I respect faith, but doubt is what gets you an education." Wilson Mizner
January 18


350 – Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor.
474 – Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor.
1520 – King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Åsunden.
1670 – Henry Morgan captures Panama. Go Grandpa!
1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles ( France ) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.
1915 – Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
1919 – World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France. Wonder how that will turn out...
1941 – World War II: British troops launch a general counter-offensive against Italian East Africa.
1943 – Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
1944 – Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.
1945 – Liberation of the Budapest ghetto by the Red Army.
1974 – A Disengagement of Forces agreement is signed between the Israeli and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.
2009 – Gaza War: Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other paramilitary groups announce they will accept Israel's offer of a ceasefire, ending the war. Whew! Thank goodness that's finally over!


Born Today but Possibly Dead
885 – Daigo: Emperor of Japan (d. 930)
1519 – Isabella Jagiełło: queen of Hungary, which is funny, because some times right before dinner I declare myself the "King of hungry"  (d. 1559)
1782 – Daniel Webster: American statesman (d. 1852)
1813 – Joseph Glidden: American farmer who patented barbed wire; ironically not paint (d. 1906)
1879 – Henri Giraud: French general (d. 1949)
1888 – Thomas Sopwith: British aviation pioneer (d. 1989)
1892 – Oliver Hardy: comedian and actor (d. 1957)
1933 – Ray Dolby: American inventor (Dolby noise reduction system)
1955 – Kevin Costner: actor in such films as The Untouchables, Wyatt Earp, and Dances With Wolves




These Guys Died Today
1862 – John Tyler: 10th President of the United States (b. 1790)
1936 – Rudyard Kipling: British writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1865)
1952 – Curly Howard: of Three Stooges fame (b. 1903)
2008 – Georgia Frontiere: owner of the Los Angeles/St. Louis Rams(b. 1927)
Quote: "The reward of a thing well done is to have it done." Ralph Waldo Emerson


January 17

38 BC – Octavian marries Livia Drusilla.
1287 – King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca.
1595 – Henry IV of France declares war on Spain.
1608 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia surprises an Oromo army at Ebenat; his army reportedly kills 12,000 Oromo at the cost of 400 men.
1648 – England's Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cowpens – Continental troops under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan defeat British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the battle in South Carolina.
1811 – Mexican War of Independence: In the Battle of Calderón Bridge, a heavily outnumbered Spanish force of 6,000 troops defeats nearly 100,000 Mexican revolutionists.
1899 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.
1945 – Soviet forces capture the almost completely destroyed Polish city of Warsaw.
1945 – The Nazis begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in.
1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was taken into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he is never publicly seen again.
1961 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".
1991 – Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning. Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.
2007 – The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing.

Born Today but Possibly Dead
1706 – Benjamin Franklin: American statesman and inventor (d. 1790)
1732 – King Stanislaw II August Poniatowski of Poland (d. 1798)
1860 – Douglas Hyde: Irish President of Ireland (d. 1949)
1871 – David Earl Beatty: British admiral (d. 1936)
1886 – Glenn L. Martin: American aviation pioneer (d. 1955)
1899 – Al Capone: American gangster, motivational speaker; just see his "Team" speech from the film The Untouchables (d. 1947)
1922 – Robert De Niro, Sr.: American painter, who famously asked: "Are you looking at my painting?"(d. 1993)
1931 – James Earl Jones: American actor in such films as Patriot Games, The Hunt for Red Oktober, and the voice of Darth Vader before he became a whiny little brat
1942 – Muhammad Ali: American boxer and the only Muhammad that Americans aren't afraid of
1949 – Mick Taylor: British musician (The Rolling Stones)
1962 – Jim Carrey: Canadian actor star of such films as Ace Ventura, Dumb & Dumber
1980 – Zooey Deschanel: American actress and "List" worthy star of Almost Famous

These Guys Died Today
395 – Theodosius I: Roman Emperor (b. 347)
1229 – Albert of Buxhoeveden: German soldier
1369 – King Peter I of Cyprus (murdered) (b. 1328)
1893 – Rutherford B. Hayes: 19th President of the United States (b. 1822)
2003 – Richard Crenna: American actor & one of the stars of Rambo series (b. 1926)


Quote: "Be civil to all; sociable to many; familiar with few; friend to one; enemy to none." Benjamin Franklin


January 14

1129 – Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
1761 – The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changes the course of Indian History.
1784 – American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States Congress ratifies Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
1943 – World War II: Operation Ke, the successful Japanese operation to evacuate their forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign, begins.
1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel via airplane while in office when he travels from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war. Churchill is overheard whispering to one of his aids about FDR: "Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, he walks into mine."
1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
2004 – The national flag of The Republic of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", is restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.

Born Today but Possibly Dead
1741 – Benedict Arnold: American/British general (d. 1801)
1792 – Christian Julius De Meza: Danish general (d. 1865)
1861 – Mehmed VI: Ottoman Sultan (d. 1926)
1959 – Geoff Tate: Lead singer of Queensrÿche
1968 – LL Cool J: rapper and actor
1969 – Jason Bateman:  actor, Arrested Development
1969 – David Grohl: Nirvana drummer, Foo Fighters singer/guitarist


January 13

532 – Nika riots in Constantinople. That's nobody's business but the Turks.
1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: A naval battle between a French ship of the line and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany ends with the French vessel running ashore, resulting in the death of over 900.
1815 – War of 1812: British troops capture Fort Peter in St. Marys, Georgia, the only battle of the war to take place in the state.
1842 – Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
1935 – A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
1942 – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 – World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1951 – First Indochina War: The Battle of Vinh Yen begins, which will end in a major victory for France.
1958 – The Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes a Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1968 – Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom Prison
1991 – Soviet Union troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius, killing 14 people and wounding 1000. No word on what "The Vilnius School Master" Marko Ramius had to say.

Quote: "We must believe in luck. For how else can we explain the success of those we don't like?" Jean Cocteau


January 12

627 – Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
1098 – First Crusade: Massacre of Ma'arrat al-Numan – Crusaders breach the town's walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant – A Royal Navy squadron, commanded by Rear Admiral Richard Kempenfelt in HMS Victory, defeats a French fleet.
1862 – USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by an electrically detonated mine.
1937 – Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink US gunboat Panay on the Yangtze River in China.
1939 – Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi – Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
1940 – World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield as a result of a German air raid.
1941 – World War II: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; Cesar Basa is killed.
1941 – World War II: USMC F4F "Wildcats" sink the first 4 major Japanese ships off Wake Island.
1941 – World War II: UK declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
1941 – Adolf Hitler announces extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery
1942 – World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union's Red Army crossed the Vistula River in Poland on their way to invade Germany.
1964 – Rebels led by John Okello overthrew Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah, ending 200 years of Arab dominance in Zanzibar.
1991 – Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.

Born Today Now Possibly Dead:

1806 – Stand Watie: American Confederate general (d. 1871)
1875 – Gerd von Rundstedt: German field marshal (d. 1953)
1937 – Buford Pusser: American law enforcement official, subject of the Walking Tall films (d. 1974)
1948 – Tom Wilkinson: English actor; films include Valkyrie, John Adams


January 11

  • 1602 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
  • 1917 – British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot and declares martial law.
  • 1927 – Guangzhou Uprising: Communist militia and worker Red Guards launch an uprising in the Chinese city of Guangzhou, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
  • 1937 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, following the Americans' declaration of war on Japan in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States, in turn, declares war on Germany and Italy.
  • 1972 – Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and last Apollo mission to land on the Moon.
  • 1994 – First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya.
  • Born Today Now Possibly Dead:
  • 1465 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)
  • 1943 – John Kerry, American Senator, Vietnam Vet
  • 1944 – Teri Garr, Young Frankenstein, Mr. Mom, Phoebe's Mom on Friends
  • 1954 – Jermaine Jackson, The Jackson 5
  • 1958 – Nikki Sixx, Mötley Crüe
  • 1967 – DJ Yella, N.W.A


08/14/09 Jackboots on Whitehall: What if the Germans had won the Battle of Brittain. This new film explores that possibility using puppets.

04/01/09 American Troops in Russia!!!

03/22/09 Area 51 Gaming and Collectibles hosts a Flames of War National Qualifying Tournament.

03/08/09 Hitler is mad that Terrell Owens is in Buffalo.

02/26/09 thehobbystudios.com goes up and work begins creating the ultimate resource for wargamers.